Joy Arthur was born in Manila, Philippines, on Dec. 2, 1935. She earned a
bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Purdue University in 1956.
She began working at WSMR in May 1958 developing instrumentation and was the
first woman engineer to work at White Sands.
In 1962, she transferred to what is now known as the Army Research
Laboratory’s Survivability and Lethality Analysis Directorate, Information
Electronic Protection Division. There, she evolved as a national leader in
supporting Army systems to determine their vulnerabilities to electronic
Joy innovated techniques to increase the dispersion efficiency of chaff and
demonstrated absorbing chaff, environmentally degradable chaff, illuminated
chaff, chaff rockets and rounds.
She designed, developed and demonstrated jamming technology. This included
a missile-borne X-band jammer with a hydrazine-driven power supply. A
multi-spectral jammer Joy devised used explosively-detonated inert gases.
Her numerous other projects included determining the vulnerabilities of
Army weapons such as the Patriot and MLRS, protecting sensors against
frequency-agile laser threats, developing non-lethal weaponry, creating
radio-frequency decoys that simulate helicopters, and detecting the
unintentional radiated emissions from electronic systems and underground
Joy retired in February 2005 after 46 years of inventive and proactive
service to the country.
Joy lives with her husband, Paul, in Las Cruces.